TORELINA® PPS Resin

Technical Information|Electrical Properties|Insulating Properties

Ⅰ. Volume Resistivity

The volume resistivity is one type of electrical resistivity that shows the insulating properties of PPS. By pinching a flat sheet shaped molded product, like that shown in Fig. 7.1, between circular electrodes, the volume resistivity can be determined from the current value after a fixed voltage (500 V) is applied for one minute, according to Ohm's law. TORELINA has very low water absorption, such that it can maintain its high insulating properties even in a high-humidity environment. (Figs. 7.2 and 7.3)

Fig. 7.1  Volume resistivity measurement method (double-ring electrode method)

Fig. 7.1 Volume resistivity measurement method (double-ring electrode method)

Table. 7.1 Volume resistivity of TORELINA

Item Units Glass fiber reinforced GF + filler reinforced Elastomer improvement
A504X90 A310MX04 A673M A575W20 A495MA1
Volume resistivity Ω・m 2×1014 1×1014 1×1015 2×1014 1×1014
  • Fig. 7.2  Water absorption ratio (40℃ × 95%RH, 3mmt)Fig. 7.2 Water absorption ratio (40℃ × 95%RH, 3mmt)
  • Fig. 7.3  Water absorption ratio in relation to volume resistivityFig. 7.3 Water absorption ratio in relation to volume resistivity

Fig. 7.4  Temperature dependence of volume resistivityFig. 7.4 Temperature dependence of volume resistivity

The volume resistivity of TORELINA tends to decrease with temperature, but TORELINA maintains its high insulating properties of 1010 (Ω・m) or greater even in a high-temperature environment above the glass transition temperature. (Fig. 7.4)

Ⅱ. Dielectric Breakdown Strength

Fig. 7.5  Dielectric breakdown testFig. 7.5 Dielectric breakdown test

The dielectric breakdown strength is expressed as the voltage endurance per unit thickness, obtained by dividing the voltage at which the test piece experiences dielectric breakdown by the electrode-to-electrode distance (test piece thickness). (Fig. 7.5) The dielectric breakdown strength of TORELINA is determined with a short-time breakdown test method (short-time method), in which the voltage is increased so that dielectric breakdown occurs after 10 to 20 seconds. There are other methods, such as the multi-stage breakdown test method, in which the voltage is increased in stages, at a constant rate, every 20 seconds. (Table. 7.2)
The dielectric breakdown strength of TORELINA differs with the type and content of the reinforcement. There is the following tendency: The lower the reinforcement content, the better the dielectric breakdown strength of the material. The dielectric breakdown strength changes little with variations in the environmental temperature, and a high dielectric strength is maintained even in a high-temperature environment. (Fig. 7.6)
On the other hand, the thickness dependence of molded products can be seen. The tendency is such that as a molded product is made thinner, its apparent dielectric strength increases. (Fig. 7.7)

Table. 7.2 Dielectric breakdown strength of TORELINA (short-time method, 23℃)

Item Thickness Units Glass fiber reinforced GF + filler reinforced Elastomer improvement Unreinforced
A504X90 A310MX04 A673M A575W20 A495MA1 A900
Dielectric breakdown strength 1mmt MV/m 24 19 26 25 21 30
3mmt 14 12 15 14 12 16
  • Fig. 7.6  Temperature dependence of dielectric breakdown strength (3mmt)Fig. 7.6 Temperature dependence of dielectric breakdown strength (3mmt)
  • Fig. 7.7  Thickness dependence of dielectric breakdown strength (23℃)Fig. 7.7 Thickness dependence of dielectric breakdown strength (23℃)