TORELINA® PPS Resin

Technical Information|Basic Information|Comparison with Other Thermoplastic Resins

Ⅰ. Heat Resistance

One of the most notable features of Toray PPS resin, TORELINA, is its heat resistance. Fig. 3.1 compares the heat resistance of TORELINA with that of other resins. In Fig. 3.1, the horizontal axis shows the heat distortion temperature. This serves as an index of short-term heat resistance. For example, it provides a rough guide to heat resistance in reflow soldering processes in the electronic parts field. For amorphous resins, the heat distortion temperature depends on the glass transition temperature, while for reinforced crystalline resins, it depends on the melting point. Table. 3.1 lists the melting points and glass transition temperatures of various resins. Toray PPS resin, TORELINA, has a melting point of 278℃, and a high heat distortion temperature of 260℃ or greater.

Fig. 3.1  Comparison of heat resistance of resins
Fig. 3.1 Comparison of heat resistance of resins

Table. 3.1 Glass transition temperatures and melting points of resins

Material Crystallization
properties
Glass transition
temperature(℃)
Melting point(℃)
TORELINA PPS Crystalline 90 278
Liquid crystal polymer (LCP) - 280 to 370
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) 143 334
Nylon 66 50 260
Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) 22 224
Polyamide-imide (PAI) Amorphous 280 -
Polyether sulfone (PES) 225 -
Polyetherimide (PEI) 217 -
Polysulfone (PSF) 190 -
Polycarbonate (PC) 150 -

In Fig. 3.1, the vertical axis shows the continuous use temperature. The continuous use temperature indicates the upper temperature limit at which, after prolonged treatment (40,000 hours), the substance retains at least 50% of its strength. The continuous use temperature serves as an index of long-term heat resistance. For example, it provides a rough guide for heat resistance in the high-temperature environment of a vehicle engine bay. The continuous use temperature depends on the strength of the chemical bonds of the resin, as well as their resistance to breaking, and does not necessarily correspond to the melting point or the glass transition temperature. Toray PPS resin, TORELINA, has a continuous use temperature of 200℃ to 240℃. There are only a limited number of resins that can offer high values of 200℃ or greater for both short- and long-term heat resistance.

Ⅱ. Water and Chemical Resistance

Toray PPS resin, TORELINA, is also excellent in terms of its water and chemical resistance. Fig. 3.2 compares the water absorption of TORELINA with that of other resins.

Fig. 3.2 Comparison of water absorption of TORELINA and other resins
Fig. 3.2 Comparison of water absorption of TORELINA and other resins

This shows that the water absorption ratio of PPS resin is very low. The reason for this is that PPS resin is highly crystalline and its chemical structure does not have a high affinity for water. Thus, a feature of PPS resin is that it is less prone to dimensional changes and strength decreases due to water absorption. It also has high resistance to hot water and solvents (Fig. 3.3).

Fig. 3.3  Chemical resistance of Toray PPS resin, TORELINA
Fig. 3.3 Chemical resistance of Toray PPS resin, TORELINA

Ⅲ. Flame Retardance

Toray PPS resin, TORELINA, is also excellent in terms of its flame retardance. Table. 3.2 lists the limiting oxygen indexes of other resins. The limiting oxygen index is a value that indicates the minimum oxygen concentration required for a material to burn. The higher the value, the higher the degree of flame retardance. The limiting oxygen index of glass fiber reinforced PPS is close to 47, which is high in comparison with other resins.

Table. 3.2 Flammability of other resins

Material Limiting oxygen index
(%)
UL flame retardance class
Glass fiber reinforced PPS 47 V-O
Polyetherimide (PEI) 47 V-O
Polyamide-imide (PAI) 43 V-O
Glass fiber reinforced polyester sulfone (PES) 41 V-O
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) 35 V-O
Polysulfone (PSF) 30 V-2 to V-0
Glass fiber reinforced nylon 66 24 H-B
Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) 21 H-B
Polyacetal (POM) 16 H-B