TORAYCA® Carbon fiber reinforced thermo plastics

Technical Information | Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

The TORAYCA® is conductive, so molded products using this resin will have electromagnetic wave shielding property.
As shown in Figure 1, the TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property is essentially proportional to the content of carbon fiber TORAYCA® and varies according to the type of resin, density, moisture absorption, etc.

Figure 1. Correlation of TORAYCA® Content and Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

Figure 1. Correlation of TORAYCA® Content and Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

The electromagnetic wave shielding property (dB) can be converted to the electromagnetic wave shielding ratio using the equation below.
As shown in Figure 2, 90% or more of electromagnetic waves can be shielded when the TORAYCA® content is 10 percent by weight or more.

Electromagnetic wave shielding property (dB)= - 20 log (1 - Shielding ratio(%))

Figure 2. Correlation of TORAYCA® Content and Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Ratio

Figure 2. Correlation of TORAYCA® Content and Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Ratio

As shown in Figure 3, the thicker the molded product, the greater the TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property becomes.
To achieve the necessary shielding ratio, it is desirable to ensure sufficient thickness in the necessary areas of molded product to the extent permitted by design.

Figure 3. Correlation of TORAYCA® Molded Product Thickness and Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

Figure 3. Correlation of TORAYCA® Molded Product Thickness and Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

As shown in Figure 4, the TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property is dependent on the electromagnetic wave frequency, so while effective shielding is possible in the high frequency range, achieving sufficient shielding property in the low frequency range requires selecting a grade offering high conductivity. (Refer to the data sheet.)

Figure 4. Frequency Dependence of TORAYCA®'s Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

Figure 4. Frequency Dependence of TORAYCA®'s Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

As shown in Figure 5, the TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property is affected by the lengths of TRAYCA® fibers in the molded product.
Some TORAYCA® products have long fibers whose length can be adjusted to 1 mm or longer in molded products, which is advantageous in achieving greater electromagnetic wave shielding property.
The same effects of fiber lengths are seen in different frequency ranges.

Figure 5. Effects of TORAYCA® Fiber Lengths in Molded Product on Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

Figure 5. Effects of TORAYCA® Fiber Lengths in Molded Product on Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property

As shown in Figure 6, the TORAYCA®'s electric-field shielding property is greater than its magnetic-field shielding property.

Figure 6. TORAYCA®'s Electric-field and Magnetic-field Shielding Properties

Figure 6. TORAYCA®'s Electric-field and Magnetic-field Shielding Properties

Having electromagnetic wave shielding property, TORAYCA® products can be used to replace Al, Mg and other metal casing materials. Since the electromagnetic wave shielding property is affected by the type of resin, content of TORAYCA®, thickness of molded product and TORAYCA® fiber length in molded product, among others, we help you select the grade best suited to your requirements and provide technical services to guide you on which molding method to use and how the molds should be designed.

As shown in Figure 7, the TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property is evaluated by measuring the intensity of received electromagnetic waves E2 relative to the intensity of electromagnetic waves E1 sent from the transmitting probe.

As for the measurement method, the Advantest method, KEC method, DFFC method or other appropriate method is selected according to the electric field, magnetic field and frequency range.

Figure 7. Image of How Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property Is Measured

Figure 7. Image of How Electromagnetic Wave Shielding Property Is Measured

The TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property is based on the resin's conductivity and TORAYCA® materials are not designed for the purpose of shielding electromagnetic waves.
This is merely a concomitant feature achieved by spatially isolating the source of electromagnetic waves and the object to be guarded against electromagnetic waves using the TORAYCA®.

The principle mechanism behind the TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property is energy attenuation due to combination of [1] reflectance loss of electromagnetic waves and [2] absorption loss of electromagnetic waves, where [1] reflectance loss is the dominant factor of energy attenuation.
As they pass through the TORAYCA®, some electromagnetic waves generate Joule heat as a result of eddy current generated by electromagnetic induction, and are lost. This heat is negligible in quantity, and since the TORAYCA® molded product has good heat dissipation property, it is never observed as a rise in the temperature of molded product.

The TORAYCA®'s electromagnetic wave shielding property is dependent on the resin's conductivity, and sufficient characteristics may not be achieved if the molded product has low density because of an insufficient fill ratio during the molding process, if the TORAYCA® fibers are broken excessively in the molded product due to variation in the screw speed, screw compression ratio, resin temperature, spool taper, runner length/diameter, gate shape/diameter, thickness in cavity, etc., or if the concentration of TORAYCA® is low because the molded product has very thin areas that prevented the resin from flowing in.

The electromagnetic wave shielding properties of TORAYCA® products are not affected much by the actions of general environmental factors such as light, heat and water, as these factors do not change the environment around the carbon fibers.
However, the electromagnetic wave shielding properties of molded products may change over time depending on the environment in which they are used.
For example, the resin may deteriorate over time and eventually lose its shape, decrease in density or cause TORAYCA® separation, in which case the molded product can no longer maintain conductivity and its electromagnetic wave shielding property may drop.